RESIST FASCIST TERROR IN WB BY TMC-MAOIST-POLICE-MEDIA NEXUS

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Thursday, August 29, 2013

মুখ্যমন্ত্রী মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় কি আজকাল সাংকেতিক ভাষায় তার কর্মীদের কলেজ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের ক্যাম্পাস আক্রমণের নির্দেশ দিচ্ছেন? ইটাহার মেঘনাদ সাহা কলেজের ঘটনা যখন ঘটছে তখনই তৃণমূল ছাত্র পরিষদের সমাবেশে ভাষণ দিচ্ছেন মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়। তিনি ঐ সভায় বলেন, ‘বাঁহাতে লিখে রাখুন ‘বি কুল’। এমন কিছু করবেন না যাতে শিক্ষক শিক্ষিকারা দুঃখ বোধ করেন। এমন কিছু করবেন না যাতে তৃণমূল ছাত্র পরিষদের ছেলেদের মানুষ ভুল বোঝেন।’ মুখ্যমন্ত্রী কি তার কর্মীদের বাঁ হাত ‘বি কুল’ লিখে ডান হাতে অধ্যাপকদের লাঠিপেটা করতে বলেছেন? - See more at: http://ganashakti.com/bengali/news_details.php?newsid=45729#sthash.UlYYPRWR.dpuf

Ganashakti




THE CPI(M) has decided to intensify its political campaign in the coming days against the increasing activities of communal forces, and the party would strive to bring all the anti-communal forces on one platform to face this menace. CPI(M) general secretary, Prakash Karat, conveyed this decision to the media in a press conference organised in AKG Bhawan, New Delhi, on August 19, 2013, following the two-day Central Committee meeting of the party on August 17 and 18. However, in reply to a question, Karat clarified that the Congress cannot be a part of this anti-communal mobilisation. He also made it clear that the proposed platform would not be confined to political parties but encompass all the anti-communal forces.


CENTRAL COMMITTEE DECISION

Campaign to be Intensified for Alternative Policies, Against Communalism

THE CPI(M) has decided to intensify its political campaign in the coming days against the increasing activities of communal forces, and the party would strive to bring all the anti-communal forces on one platform to face this menace. CPI(M) general secretary, Prakash Karat, conveyed this decision to the media in a press conference organised in AKG Bhawan, New Delhi, on August 19, 2013, following the two-day Central Committee meeting of the party on August 17 and 18. However, in reply to a question, Karat clarified that the Congress cannot be a part of this anti-communal mobilisation. He also made it clear that the proposed platform would not be confined to political parties but encompass all the anti-communal forces.

The CPI(M) leader asserted that the RSS and BJP had a hand in the communal conflagrations in Kishtwar, Nawadah and other places in the country. He drew attention to the increasing communal depredations in Bihar after the BJP was forced to quit the state government. In reply to a question, he said the BJP attempts to consolidate its position through communal mobilisation whenever it is in opposition. To a query about Narendra Modi’s claim that a section of the Muslims vote for him in Gujarat, Karat said it is the repression of the Muslim community that has compelled this section to surrender. This is the Gujarat model the BJP wants to impose on the whole country, Karat added.

The CPI(M) general secretary also lambasted the UPA government’s moves to shift the burden of economic crisis on to the people and to increase our dependence on foreign capital on the plea that this would rescue us from the ongoing crisis. He said the party would intensify its campaign for a platform of alternative policies, as identified by a convention of the Left parties. Replying to a query, he flatly said the BJP can by no means provide an alternative to the UPA’s neo-liberal policies. Regarding the preparations for the coming Lok Sabha polls, he said the party would seek to have an understanding with secular opposition parties in certain states. In this regard he mentioned Tamilnadu, Odisha and Assam where similar understanding did exist in the past.

About the recent events on the line of control and the tension in Indo-Pak relations, the CPI(M) leader asked the government to firmly deal with the ceasefire violations and infiltration from across the border. However, attempts to have negotiations with Pakistan must continue.

Terming the food security bill as inadequate, in its present form, to ensure enough food for the common people, Karat asked the government to accept the common amendments moved by the Left and other members of parliament. He also spoke on the situation created by the announcement about the formation of a Telangana state. Now that the UPA government’s decision in the regard and the number of pro-Telangana members in parliament have made it certain that a separate state would come into existence, he said the CPI(M) would try its level best to ensure that the issues related to the division of Andhra Pradesh are dealt with in the interest of the people in both the prospective states.

In reply to a question regarding the disappearance of several files connected with the coal scam, Karat said the government needs to clarify its position and bring all the relevant facts to the public notice. He reminded that the CBI is still continuing its probe into the coal scam whose threads go back to the prime minister’s office (PMO) itself. About the recent panchayat elections in West Bengal, he said it was not the question of an election taking place in normal circumstances; in fact the CPI(M) had had to face large-scale violence, attacks and malpractices at every stage.

EDUARDO Galeano may be fascinated by the days and dates and could have written a book on them, telling or recounting the history behind each of them. But for many, days and dates, specially, the 'days', bring a kind of fear as they have to splurge a lot of money. What is the history behind each of these many might not know, even those who are religiously observing them included. 'They are observing, so we too should observe' has become the fad. This, in fact, is creating lots of problems.


These Days and Dates - G Mamatha

EDUARDO Galeano may be fascinated by the days and dates and could have written a book on them, telling or recounting the history behind each of them. But for many, days and dates, specially, the 'days', bring a kind of fear as they have to splurge a lot of money. What is the history behind each of these many might not know, even those who are religiously observing them included. 'They are observing, so we too should observe' has become the fad. This, in fact, is creating lots of problems.

Take the example of Raksha bandhan. While all the schools and offices have declared August 20 as a holiday, the Parliament of India declared 21st as a holiday. According to some, both the days can be observed for the festival. That apart, rakhi means a 'bond of protection' and a sister seeks it from her brother, who is considered to be 'shaurya'. This custom, according to many studies, seems to have started during the medieval period, with the Rajputs. A newspaper, which prides itself in calling it as more interested in advertisements than news, carried an advertisement about itself on Rakhi. It states that brothers should take a 'hard look' at their sisters on this day and respect her for all her strong attributes and achievements. Perhaps, the newspaper in question is trying to wash away its sins of sexist and patriarchal depiction of women it carries throughout the year, with one such advertisement. In the hoopla, many of us intend to forget that this entire custom is patriarchal and depicts women as the 'weaker' lot, who needs to be 'protected'. No wonder, many of our political leaders too pride in exhibiting their rakhis.

Let us come to another day that is observed in this month. Many children may not remember or even taught when and what is a Republic Day or an Independence Day. But most of them know or are being taught, when is Friendship Day, Mother's Day, Father's Day, etc, etc. These days even Independence Day is being reminded through our 'Reliance' on offers and discounts. Of course there is also More, Big Bazaar, Croma and many other such giants to remind us of our 'independence'.

Now, one need not be a fanatic like the ones who are against these days, particularly the one in February – Valentine's Day, to be vexed with these days. One can go on celebrating every day, as everyday has a history and a speciality as Galeano has pointed out in his book, Children of Days. Of course, one needs to have the inclination and more than that the means. Before discussing about other days, let us see how the Friendship Day had originated or learn its history. According to Wikipedia, “Friendship Day was originally promoted by Joyce Hall, the founder of Hallmark Cards in 1930, intended to be 2 August and a day when people celebrated their friendships by sending cards”. Why is 2nd August chosen and not 1st of August or 3rd of August? Here is the answer from Wikipedia: “The second of August was chosen as the centre of the largest lull between holiday celebrations”. Wikipedia has other interesting facts too. “Friendship Day was promoted by the Greeting Card National Association during the 1920s but met with consumer resistance – given that it was her too obviously a commercial gimmick to promote greetings cards. By the 1940s the number of Friendship Day cards available in the US had dwindled and the holiday largely died out there. There is no evidence to date for its uptake in Europe; however, it has been kept alive and revitalised in Asia, where several countries have adopted it”. And three countries are specifically named in the article – India, Bangladesh and Malaysia, where this has become a big rage, with some people even demanding a holiday to celebrate it. It may be to escape from sparing another holiday to the workers, that the first Sunday of August was designated as the 'Friendship Day' every year.

The UN, which declares many days, 'Girl Child Day', World Hunger Day', Earth Day, Poverty Day, etc, etc, too joined in declaring a day for friendship and designated July 30. Here, there is an interesting fact. Going back to the article in Wikipedia, “In honour of Friendship Day in 1998, Nane Annan, wife of then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, named Winnie the Pooh as the world's Ambassador of Friendship at the United Nations”. Winnie the Pooh is not some face in the crowd. It is the marvellous creation of the creators of one of the most recognised brands worldwide – Disney. So, Disney creates the ambassador for friendship, just like Coco Cola dressed up Santa Claus in its colours. All of us, ignorant, intelligent or otherwise go on celebrating.

Interestingly 'Friendship Day' is not opposed (or at least as vehemently) as Valentine's Day, though both promote the same 'consumerist', 'western culture'. The religious in India wish reminding us about the friendship of Sri Krishna and Kuchela, while the revolutionaries wish recalling the great friendship of Marx and Engels or the indigenous Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. Whatever the examples, on the Friendship Day, wishes are exchanged (music to the mobile operators) and bands are tied (jingling the coffers of their manufacturers). Media splurges advertisements and stories of stars and their 'starry' friendship, break-ups and 'hug and make-ups'. We gobble all this with intoxicated fascination.

Before proceeding any further, let it be made doubly clear that it is nobody's case against observance/celebration of 'Friendship Day' or its equivalent or any day for that matter. May all the days enjoy their time under the Sun! But let us think about a simple question, can we equate all the days? Is a Friendship Day equivalent to an Independence Day or a Mother's Day equivalent to Women's Day? While the former doesn't have a history of struggles behind them, the later are rich because of their history of struggles. What is being done today, is to promote the days without any history of struggles and rob those days which have precisely this history of their character and paint them with a commerical brush.

Unfortunately in the marketing blitzkrieg, the difference is getting blurred by each passing day. Already, Women's Day is robbed of its history of struggles for the rights of women. Leave alone thousands of ordinary people, many of those celebrity tweeters (or tweeple) do not know Clara Zetkin or other heroic fighters of that era who had fought for the rights of women and wanted a day to re-resolve to carry forward the struggle for women's emancipation. Today, it is Ponds, Lakme, Oreal or some other cosmetic brand, which promises women fair skin that projects itself as the champion of Women's Day by splurging advertisements. Just as the sexist newspaper prophesying us to respect women!

Similarly, Independence Day and Republic Day are slowly being converted into days to be remembered for the benefits they bring to the consumers, offered by the corporates on these days. Forget about the ideals of our freedom fighters, even the names of freedom fighters are being lost on the new generation of Indians. So much so that the discussion is on who is a martyr rather than on being what are the ideals that our great freedom fighters have fought for and how far have we travelled to realise them.

Here it is not impertinent to question that statement of our opposition leader in the Parliament who stated: “We couldn't be part of the freedom struggle, we were born after 1947, but now we will be a part of the 'freedom from Congress' battle”. Nobody has any issues on her taking part in the 'battle' for 'freedom from Congress'. But, here we should question her; she may have been born after 1947 and thus got 'deprived' of the 'opportunity' to fight for our freedom, but what about her mentor, and the BJP 'patriarch' – LK Advani or for that matter, AB Vajpayee? They were old enough to take part in the freedom struggle, but did they? No. Not only they, but the entire 'Sangh Parivar' shied away from the freedom struggle. Moreover, there are umpteen instances with unchallengeable evidences to show how they at times even compromised with the British. This is the history that they want to hide from the present generation. And this is the history that gets hidden under the wraps of commercialisation, if it is not consciously brought out and propagated. No wonder a former President of the BJP, as reported in a news report in the Hindustan Times, June 23, 2013, “has hinted that it will change textbook syllabi...if it returns to power”. If left unchecked, the already lopsided presentation of our history – with the emphasis on only a certain stream and a handful of leaders' role in the freedom struggle, completely blacking out or presenting a wrong notion of the other streams and leaders – will get further biased.

The media and market too have their own agenda - selfish, profit generating interests behind the commercialisation of 'days' and equating every day. Those who are afraid of history stand to benefit from such attempts.

It is upon us to blow the ash off, rekindle the fire of struggles of common people behind every day in history and place it before the people for their objective assessment of their present and decide their future. This is all the more necessary in these days of crisis – economic, social and political. Let us all stand up to this glorious task or historical responsibility, if you like to call it as such.

http://pd.cpim.org/2013/0825_pd/008252013_days_and_dates.html


DR. NARENDRA DABHOLKAR: DEATH OF A RATIONALIST CRUSADER - Amit Sengupta


DEATH OF A RATIONALIST CRUSADER - Amit Sengupta

THE disturbing murder of Dr Narendra Dabholkar, rationalist campaigner, political activist, and social reformer, is a cause for concern at many levels. It is yet another example of the extent of intolerance that our society appears to revel in. It is emblematic of the deep-seated fear of knowledge and its democratisation. Most importantly, perhaps, it is a reminder that power relations in our society are mediated by institutions and individuals who have a stake in maintaining the status quo and in denying access to knowledge that can challenge prevailing belief systems.

CAMPAIGN AGAINST SUPERSTITION

A doctor by training, he helped found the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS) in 1989 and served as its executive president till his death. At the time of his death it had 180 branches in Maharashtra. The MANS was formed to pursue the following objectives:

cultivate scientific attitude, skepticism, humanism and critical thinking among the people;
oppose harmful superstitions, which exploit people;
cultivate rationalistic moral values, humanism and create a just society;
encourage constructive analysis of religious traditions and customs;
agitate against harmful superstitions and rituals and suggest useful alternatives to some;
help and work with other social reform organisations.

The MANS has been actively involved in exposing false claims made by ‘godmen’ of various shades. MANS regularly performs public demonstrations that debunk ‘miracles’ and exposes the trickery behind these. MANS activists use a mobile laboratory, Vidnyan Bodh Vahini, to demonstrate scientific experiments and to train students. MANS also campaigns against other irrational claims and ‘systems’ such as ‘vastushastra’, ‘reincarnation’, ‘witchcraft’, etc.

Along with renowned astrophysicist Dr Jayant Narlikar, Dr Dabholkar challenged astrologers to prove the veracity of their predictions – a challenge that was never taken up. His organisation also campaigned for discontinuation of the study of Astrology in higher education, introduced by the UGC. It may be recalled that the UGC issued a circular on 23 February 2001 with a proposal to all the universities of the country to introduce UG and PG courses as well as doctoral researches in Vedic Astrology, which it later renamed in parenthesis as Jyotirvigyan. The move came about when the BJP-led NDA government was in power.

SOCIAL REFORMER AND A POLITICAL ACTIVIST

Dr Dabholkar combined his crusade for rationality with a strong message of social reform. He actively opposed the inhuman custom of exploiting women in the name of “witchcraft’ that prevails in the tribal districts of Maharashtra. Known as ‘Dakin Pratha’, women suspected of witchcraft are attacked and even killed. Most accused 'witches' are widows or destitute women. Recently Dr Dabholkar had also taken up cudgels against the parallel judiciary of Jat Panchayats in the state. He actively took a position against the support offered by these to kill youngsters marrying outside their caste, and the boycott of those alleged to have breached the code of conduct set by these panchayats.

Dr Dabholkar was also a leading political activist of the Socialist stream in Maharshtra, and was associated with the Rashtra Seva Dal. He was the editor of the Marathi weekly Sadhana for 16 years, till his death. Sadhana is an important Marathi weekly established by Pandurang Sadashiv Sane (Sane Guruji), a leader of the Rashtra Seva Dal, in 1948. The weekly was one of the publications banned during the Emergency in 1976, under the infamous Defence of India rules.

Dr Dabholkar, thus, was no mere armchair rationalist. He had the courage of conviction to fearlessly propagate his beliefs and to actively campaign for a change in the status quo. He was a political activist and a rationalist. There lay the danger that his beliefs constituted, to those who wanted people to unquestioningly accept their station in life.

METHOD OF SCIENCE AS A TOOL FOR EMANCIPATION

His interest lay in not just propagating science per se but in promoting the method of science. Science today is often reduced to a set of facts, axioms and explanations, thereby stripping it of its essential core. The foundation of science is located in its method, in its endeavour to question everything that demands an explanation. This pursuit of Dr Dabholkar led him to question practices in society, not because they were linked to any particular faith or religion, but because these practices perpetuated inequity.

The ‘anti-superstition’ Bill that Dr Dabholkar was engaged in championing gives us a glimpse of the kind of practices that he opposed. A major portion of practices covered by the Bill relate to false claims of cures for different diseases. The Bill also sought to disbar claims regarding the ability to predict or alter the future, under the guise of astrology or other such belief systems. Millions today are prey to such claims. Their irrational belief in such claims stem from the larger conditions in society that make people vulnerable and uncertain about their future. If people have the option to make rational choices they usually do so. But in conditions where a vast majority of people are denied access to a functioning and affordable health care system, they turn to whatever provides hope. A majority of the people in the country face an uncertain future, brought about by the present path of development, that increases inequity and constantly pauperizes those that are already at the margins of society. Again, for people caught in the mire of destitution and uncertainty, a recourse to rituals that claim will change the future, are in fact the cry of the oppressed for a better future.

As Marx wrote: “Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness. To call on them to give up their illusions about their condition is to call on them to give up a condition that requires illusions”.

Dr Dabholkar’s death is thus also a reminder that social conditions give rise to irrationality and those who perpetuate existing inequities will go to any lengths to preserve their dominance.

Dr Dabholkar and his organisation did not target any particular religion though he himself was an avowed atheist. However, he earned the ire of the Hindu Right, especially after he helped draft and was involved in the championing of the Bill in Maharashtra to stop the promotion of superstitions. They spared no efforts to target him -- the Hindu Janajagruti Samiti for example claims on its website that “Dabholkar is trying to get the proposed anti-superstitions Act passed, that will impose restrictions on abiding by Dharma, by misleading people and government” (sic).

KNOWLEDGE IS POWER

Knowledge is power and denial of knowledge is another way of perpetuating the present imbalances in power relations in society. The death of a crusader wouldn’t be in vain if the promotion of rationality is integrated with the movement to challenge the fundamental unjust nature of society today, plagued by divisions based on class, caste, gender, etc. Such divisions are as irrational as the irrational belief systems they engender. Science and rationality are powerful tools that can break the chain of coercion that is inherent in our system. For the method of science teaches us to question everything, to seek the truth, to never believe that we are privy to the ultimate truth. Dr Narendra Dabholkar is no more but we can hope that his story will inspire a new generation who believe in the power of science, rationality and truth to change the way we live and the way we think.

http://pd.cpim.org/2013/0825_pd/008252013_rationalist.html

THE UPA government is embroiled in a looming crisis which has both political and economic dimensions. The shadow of the economic crisis is eroding the political authority of the government. The rupee has steadily depreciated in value, with the exchange rate of the rupee to the dollar breaching the Rs 64 mark last week; the current account deficit (the gap between exports and imports and other remittances) has reached an unsustainable level; there is rising external debt with the bourgeoning short-term debt posing the immediate problem. This financial crisis is accompanied by high inflation.


THE PRESENT CRISIS AND OUR TASKS

Prakash Karat

THE UPA government is embroiled in a looming crisis which has both political and economic dimensions. The shadow of the economic crisis is eroding the political authority of the government. The rupee has steadily depreciated in value, with the exchange rate of the rupee to the dollar breaching the Rs 64 mark last week; the current account deficit (the gap between exports and imports and other remittances) has reached an unsustainable level; there is rising external debt with the bourgeoning short-term debt posing the immediate problem. This financial crisis is accompanied by high inflation.

The past few months saw the frantic efforts of the finance minister to get FDI into the country by easing norms. This has proved futile. The bulk of the capital flows out of the country is from the equity and debt markets, the FII flows which the government cannot control. The neo-liberal policies of the Manmohan Singh government and the boosting of the economy through foreign capital flows have now come to roost.

WORSENING PLIGHT

While the UPA government desperately wooed foreign capital and handed out concessions to big business, the plight of the people has been worsening because of the economic slowdown, falling industrial production and the high inflation. The ever increasing prices of petrol and diesel have fuelled inflation which resulted in the increased burden of price rise for the people. Onions, vegetables and all the necessities of life are becoming out of the reach of the people. The other outcome of the economic slowdown is the loss of jobs in the industrial and services sectors and rising unemployment.

The Congress is hoping that the passage of the food security law will help to mitigate the growing discontent of the people. But the political cost for the Congress and the UPA government due to the economic mess is going to be heavy. They will be blamed for the high level corruption which has contributed to the deterioration of the economy. The 200 missing files in the coal allocation scandal will only reinforce the image of a government trying to protect the corrupt. The incompetence and the failure to tackle the economic crisis at the early stages will also add to the cost.

CYNICAL DECISION

It is in the midst of the deteriorating economy that the Congress leadership and the UPA government decided to divide Andhra Pradesh and form the state of Telangana. This announcement has come after four years of vacillations and prevarication. The disturbing fact is that the cause for the decision is the electoral prospects of the Congress in the coming Lok Sabha elections. Having lost its base to the YSR Congress in the coastal and Rayalseema regions, the Congress decided to plunge for the Telangana state in anticipation of electoral benefit in the new state. The opportunist manner in which a new state is being formed can be seen by the further exploration of whether the creation of Rayala-Telangana by adding two districts of Rayalseema will be beneficial to the Congress. The cynical way the Congress is going about the formation of a new state will cause damage to the democratic system and the federal structure.

The immediate fallout of the Telangana decision has been the revival and intensification of the agitation for separate states in other places. In Assam, the agitation for Bodoland has led to bandhs and disruption of communications. Another demand for separate state including Karbi Anglong and Dimasa districts has also led to clashes. There is also the demand for Kamtapuri state involving areas of lower Assam and parts of West Bengal. These agitations have disrupted normal life and inflicted economic losses in Assam and the North Eastern region. The Gorkhaland agitation has also been revived with bandhs and indefinite shut downs in the Darjeeling hill areas of West Bengal. Both the Congress and the BJP are working to undermine the linguistic states’ system. If they succeed, it will weaken the federal set up and will result in strengthening the dominance of the centre.

RISING COMMUNAL THREAT

The political situation is marked by the rising activities of the communal forces spearheaded by the BJP-RSS combine. The projection of Modi as the prime ministerial candidate of the BJP; the spurt in communal activities and the growing incidents of communal violence are all interrelated. The RSS pushed for Narendra Modi’s projection and in the period since the Goa meeting of the BJP, it has become patently clear that the Hindutva platform–a mix of communalism along with the nationalist jingoism–will be Modi’s main thrust even though it is couched in the “development” framework of the Gujarat model. The big bourgeoisie which is turned off by the UPA government’s economic mismanagement is rooting for Modi. This rightwing platform consisting of Hindutva and big business support is presented as the alternative to the discredited Congress.

The RSS and the BJP are falling back on their tried and tested method of instigating communal tensions and violence. The recent communal riot in Kishtwar district in Jammu & Kashmir and the series of incidents in Bihar reveal their handiwork. The BJP which was in the coalition government with the JD(U) had used its prolonged alliance to spread the RSS and the BJP’s influence in the state. Now that it is out of the government, the RSS-BJP network is resorting to communal mobilisation. The communal incidents in Nawada and Bettiah saw the blatant use of provocative slogans including the invocation of the name of Narendra Modi by rioters. The media even carried a photograph of a man dressed as Narendra Modi sitting in the religious procession taken out in Bettiah. The BJP hypocritically argues that communal incidents are taking place in states run by non-BJP governments. Whether it is Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and now Bihar, the BJP-RSS combine resorts to communal and anti-Muslim activities to shore up its political support base and this is getting intensified in view of the coming Lok Sabha elections.

The RSS orchestrated Vishwa Hindu Parishad has announced a yatra in six districts to culminate in Ayodhya on the Ram temple issue. VHP leaders have announced that they will take out the yatra despite it being prohibited by the UP state government. All over the country, the RSS and its outfits are intensifying their activities in order to back up the election campaign led by Narendra Modi.

STEP UP STRUGGLES

The worsening economic situation presages more problems for the people and their living conditions. The attacks on the people’s livelihood and growing burdens require that the Party and the Left and democratic forces step up their struggles against the onslaught of the neo-liberal policies and its impact on the people.

In the recent period, there was the struggle of the workers of Neyveli Lignite Corporation against the disinvestment of shares. The thirteen day united strike struggle was successful in that the government was compelled to sell 3.56 per cent shares to the public undertakings of the Tamilnadu government. Thereby disinvestment of shares to private hands was avoided. The coal workers are preparing for a three day strike against disinvestment of shares in the Coal India Ltd. The joint platform of the national trade unions have called for state level rallies on December 12.

Along with the working class struggles, there are ongoing struggles of the kisans, agricultural workers, students, women and youth. They all need greater coordination and the building up of united platforms to face the more difficult economic conditions and the additional burdens being imposed on the people.

ALTERNATIVE POLICIES

On the issue of price rise, land, wages, employment and PDS, the Party should conduct local struggles in order to protect the rights of the working people. As against the Congress and the BJP, the Left parties have put out an alternative platform of policies which should get the support of other democratic and secular forces. The Left parties will be conducting a campaign among the people to mobilise support for this alternative platform by holding rallies in the state capitals in the coming two months.

ANTI-COMMUNAL CAMPAIGN

The CPI(M) has to step up its anti-communal campaign and expose the designs of the BJP and the RSS. It is also necessary to have a broad-based mobilisation against the communal forces and the designs of the Hindutva brigade. An anti-communal platform should be forged to bring all these forces together.

The struggles against the economic policies and corruption of the UPA government and the broad-based campaign against the communal forces should be carried out along with the projection of the alternative policies which alone can help the country come out of the present economic and political impasse.

http://pd.cpim.org/2013/0825_pd/008252013_present_crisis.html

THE “Black Monday” when the rupee tumbled to as low as 63 per US dollar and the Sensex took a further fall after already having plunged the day before, is indicative of the seriousness of the malady that afflicts the Indian economy. Three main kinds of explanation have been offered by economic commentators for this malady. Let us examine these seriatim.


The Death-Throes of Neo-Liberalism

Prabhat Patnaik


THE “Black Monday” when the rupee tumbled to as low as 63 per US dollar and the Sensex took a further fall after already having plunged the day before, is indicative of the seriousness of the malady that afflicts the Indian economy. Three main kinds of explanation have been offered by economic commentators for this malady. Let us examine these seriatim.

The first, put forward by no less a person than Raghuram Rajan, prior to his recent appointment as governor of the Reserve Bank of India, traces it to the fact that the era of “quantitative easing” is coming to an end in the US. The prospect of this happening was announced by Ben Bernanke, chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, on May 22. Till now the Federal Reserve was pursuing a policy of buying government bonds in the market, and in the process keeping the long-term interest rates low in the US economy, while pumping liquidity into the system. This also meant that finance was flowing into other economies where interest rates were more attractive, and thereby shoring up their currencies. In the wake of Bernanke’s announcement, of no more than merely an intention, the long-term interest rates are already hardening in the US, causing an appreciation of the US dollar vis-a-vis the rest of the world’s currencies, especially those of “emerging markets economies ” like Brazil, South Africa, Indonesia and India.

The problem with this explanation however is that the collapse of the rupee did not begin with May 22. In fact, the rupee has been going down for quite some time. True, there has been a sharp fall in its external value in the more recent period, as has been the case with several other currencies, but focussing only on Bernanke’s statement on May 22 as an explanation for its travails is seriously misleading: it glosses over the declining tendency of the currency operating over a longer period.

The second explanation also focuses on the strengthening of the dollar, but traces it to a revival of growth in the US economy. In fact the episode of the rupee’s tumble and the fall in Sensex by 700 that occurred prior to the “Black Monday” was attributed by many to the release of US unemployment figures which showed a decline in this rate. Wealth-holders, it was suggested, were now beginning to move back to the US from several “emerging market economies”, buoyed by the prospects of a revival in its growth, and this fact underlay the depreciation of the latter’s currencies.

This explanation too, like the first one, misses the longer-term tendency for the rupee’s decline. Besides, this explanation runs counter to the first explanation. If long-term interest rates are hardening in the US then that would snuff out its growth prospects. Even the growth that is alleged to be occurring in the US is a matter of dispute, since there has been a change in the GDP estimates of that country, which, many argue, has spuriously overestimated recent growth. In addition, however, such growth as has been occurring is likely to be related to the policy of “quantitative easing” whose end will certainly put a damper upon it. In fact, the best description that has been offered of the state of the US economy is that it “is bumping along the floor”. When it bumps up a little, a lot of noise is made about its recovery; but this noise subsides when it gets back to the floor. This has been happening for quite some time now.

The third explanation for India’s current economic woes focuses on India-specific factors. The most important of these of course is the massive current account deficit, of 4.8 percent of GDP. Since the government itself, committed to attracting foreign investment of all descriptions, thinks that capital inflows can at best finance a current deficit of only 2.5 percent of GDP, a deficit of 4.8 percent is bound to put pressure on the rupee.

WIDENING CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS

But, as already seen, the depreciation in currencies is not confined to the rupee alone; and if the wave of depreciations across countries has to be explained in terms of a widening of the current account deficits in all these countries, then two questions immediately arise: first, why should there be such a widening of deficits across countries? And second, why should there be such a wave of massive depreciations everywhere even though there are major differences across them in the ratio of current deficits to GDP? The pressure on the rupee owing to India’s widened current account deficit in short, while indisputable, needs to be located within a larger context.

Then there are other kinds of India-specific explanations: Pranab Mukherjee’s stint as finance minister, when he presented a budget that (by trying inter alia to plug the “Mauritius route” for the entry of foreign direct investment) undermined the
“confidence of investors” about India’s commitment to “reforms” (!); Chidambaram’s loss of nerve in pursuing “reforms”; the recent “desperate” measures consisting of a clutch of capital controls and import restrictions that the government has introduced for shoring up the rupee which have frightened investors; and so on. But these explanations, usually picked up from random gossip, or stray reactions of speculators, are both intellectually unconvincing in themselves, and also oblivious of the depreciation of currencies vis-a-vis the US dollar that is occurring across the world; they need not be taken seriously.

It follows then that the standard explanations which have been advanced by commentators to explain India’s current economic travails are unconvincing. While the India-specific explanations do not reckon with the similar experience of other countries, the more general explanations, relating to all countries experiencing currency depreciations, focus only on short-term factors, and lack any structural location. What is needed is a general explanation (to which some India-specific factors may be additional contributors) which is located in the structure of contemporary capitalism. And any such explanation has to reckon with the deep and protracted crisis that world capitalism is currently experiencing.

The talk of the US coming out of this crisis, is, as we have seen, unfounded. Europe continues to be enmeshed in it with no end in sight. And now even the hitherto rapidly-growing third world economies are coming under its impact. The growth rate is palpably slowing down in China; it has slowed down in India; and the Chinese slow-down is beginning to affect Brazil and other Latin American countries which are major commodity exporters to China. In short, the world recession is now spreading. There was a period when because of the domestic fiscal stimulus, non-metropolitan economies gave the impression that they would escape the recession. They might have done so if the recession itself had been a brief affair; but given its protracted nature it has eventually affected them too. And the modus operandi of this spread is the widening current deficit.

If the growth rate slows down in the advanced capitalist economies but does not do so in these third world economies, then their imports continue to grow rapidly even as their exports dwindle. This has two effects: one, a reduction in their level of aggregate demand; and two, a widening of their current account deficit. (Some countries like China may escape such widening of current deficit but others are bound to be affected by it). Even if domestic fiscal stimuli can counter the first effect they cannot counter the second. Continuing recession in the advanced capitalist world therefore worsens the current deficits of the hitherto rapidly-growing third world economies.

GREATER DISTRESS TO THIRD WORLD PEOPLE

At the same time however, it tends to dry up the flow of finance from the metropolitan economies to these economies, because of the general loss of exuberance among speculators which a recession inevitably engenders. For a while, no doubt, such drying up may not happen because of the formation of property-price or stock-market “bubbles” in these economies, but as these “bubbles” begin to collapse, the flow of external finance too dries up. The combination of larger current deficits and drying up financial inflows inevitably puts pressure on the currency; and to put a restraint upon the depreciation of the currency domestic expenditure is curtailed, which chokes off growth. The combination of currency depreciation, accelerated inflation (because of such depreciation), and choking off of growth that we find in India and a host of other “emerging-market economies” is a fall-out therefore of the world capitalist crisis.

This is not a new story. World capitalist crises inevitably bring greater distress to the people of the third world, even compared to the pre-crisis levels of acute distress. This is exactly what had happened in India in the 1920s and 30s when the peasants and agricultural labourers had experienced acute declines in their incomes. The move away from the free market, the entrusting of the responsibility of protecting the people against the vicissitudes of the market, the delinking from the world economy through capital controls and trade restrictions so that the State could discharge this responsibility, had been a result of that experience.
In short, neo-liberalism is not a new discovery of wisdom. Economies in the world, including in particular the Indian economy, had experienced “economic liberalisation” with a vengeance in the colonial period, until some halting departures were made in the wake of the crisis in the late twenties and the thirties. It is only after independence that a full-scale dirigiste regime was introduced. But its rationale lay in the experience of the crisis of the inter-war years.

As the world economy was growing in the nineties and the first few years of the current century, neo-liberalism which had replaced dirigisme appeared to many, especially to those from the urban middle class who benefited from it (though not to the workers and peasants who were victims of it), as the acme of wisdom. But now with a prolonged crisis reminiscent of the 1930s once more engulfing world capitalism, the dangers of neo-liberalism, the fact that it makes both its earlier beneficiaries and its earlier victims, worse off, are beginning to become clearer.

A struggle between two contradictory positions therefore is going to dominate economic discourse in the country in the days to come. The first of these, which offers little hope, presses for sinking deeper into neo-liberalism as the means to overcome the crisis; the second of these, the only one that offers any hope, presses for extricating the economy from its clutches as the means to overcome the crisis.

http://pd.cpim.org/2013/0825_pd/008252013_death.html

Indian Economy: Back to Square One


EDITORIAL OF PEOPLE'S DEMOCRACY

Indian Economy: Back to Square One

TWO years ago, when the cheer leaders of the liberalization process were celebrating the completion of twenty years of economic reforms, through these columns, we had warned that the slowing down of the Indian economy which began then could well lead up to a situation similar to that India found itself in 1991. As usual, we were the target of a concentrated attack by India Inc. and their drum beaters who charged us of not seeing the shining neon Gods of globalised capitalism Indias entry as a global player; an emerging economy where our prime minister rubs shoulders with the high and mighty on the G-20 high table etc. When we pointed out that while this may be true for a small section of India, for the vast majority, misery and malnutrition continues to abound, it was rubbished. It continues to be rubbished even now despite the fact that the creation of two Indias, with the gap between them widening exponentially, is a reality that stares at us every moment.

Today, two years later, indeed, the Indian economy appears to have come back to square one. Attempting to negate the chilling similarities with the situation in 1991 that was used by Dr Manmohan Singh as the finance minister then to launch the liberalization process, he recently said, “There is no question of going back to 1991. At that time foreign exchange in India was a fixed rate. Now it is linked to market. We only correct the volatility of the rupee.”

What he left unsaid was the fact that in July 1991, there was a two-stage devaluation of the rupee by over 20 per cent. This came in the background of a rupee depreciation of 13 per cent in 1988, 10 per cent in 1989 and 8 per cent in 1990. Is this any different from the free fall of the rupee that we are witnessing today?

Justifying the reform process in his budget speech of 1991-92 saying that, “There is no time to lose”, he churned out the precarious financial position of the government then. A current account deficit (CAD) of 2.5 per cent of the GDP in 1990-91 was unacceptable then. Today the CAD is 4.8 per cent of our GDP. He then said, “The debt service burden is estimated at about 21 per cent of the current account receipts.” According to the 2013-14 budget papers, the comparable figure is 35.09 per cent. The foreign exchange reserves at that point of time were estimated to be sufficient to cover imports for a period of six weeks. Today it is slightly better when our reserves can fund imports for around six months, but the lowest among BRIC countries where others have reserves sufficient for nearly two years. Another concern in 1991 was runaway inflation. He then said, “The major worrisome feature of the inflation in 1990-91 was that it was concentrated in essential commodities.” Is there any difference today?

The so-called `corrective’ then applied by Dr Manmohan Singh of taking IMF loans with strict conditionalities and opening up various sectors for foreign investments - decided to liberalise the policy regime for direct foreign investment came with a warning, There can be no adjustment without paying a price. The people must be prepared to make necessary sacrifice to preserve our economic independence and restore the health of our economy. Does this not sound very similar today?

Is the government preparing the ground for seeking a bailout package again now from the IMF with the accompanying conditionalities? We have seen the impact of such bailout packages in the countries of the European Union where the complement of `austerity measures are imposing unbearable burdens on an already suffering people leading to large-scale protests.

But then is there any alternative policy trajectory? Yes, there is. The Economic Survey 2012-13 informs that the final consumption in the economy declined from an average annual growth of 8 per cent between 2009 and 2012 to around 4.4 per cent. This, in a large measure, contributed to the current economic slowdown. Clearly, there is a contraction of domestic demand in the economy. This is not surprising given the relentless rate of inflation and the substantial cuts in subsidies meant for the poor in the name of fiscal consolidation.

Thus the current strategy of concentrating on increasing investment, primarily by foreign capital cannot turbo-start the economy. Recollect that despite the recent urging by the PM and FM, they could not persuade the CEOs of the public sector enterprises to invest their over a lakh of crores of rupees of cash surpluses. Where is the market that can consume what they produce from such investments? Global trade is shrinking, consequently Indian exports are tumbling. Domestically, the purchasing power in the hands of the Indian people is drastically declining, shrinking the domestic demand as a consequence.

By merely making available funds or opening up further avenues for foreign investment without increasing domestic demand will only channel these funds into speculative activities rather than productive investments. This is evident from the recent experience of astronomically high prices of real estate and gold in our country. The rich are parking their money in such avenues that are called `valuables, which according to Survey, include works of art, precious metals and jewellery carved out of such metals and stones. At current prices, investment in the form of valuables registered nearly a 4.5 fold increase between 2007-12. Even at constant prices, the share of valuables increased from 2.9 to 6.2 per cent of the total investment in the country between 2007-12. Additionally, they expend their monies in obnoxious conspicuous consumption like lavish wedding celebrations.

Such a tendency of parking surpluses in unproductive valuables is also responsible for the surge in the demand for the US dollar and foreign currencies. The rich have begun to save in foreign currencies rather than the Indian rupee given the current economic slowdown, uncertainties and sharply diminishing avenues for profit maximization. The current high rates of inflation and relatively lower rates of interest makes little sense for the rich to save in Indian rupees. This surge in the demand for the US dollar is a major factor in driving up the price of foreign currencies and making the rupee value tumble.
The prime minister has recently said, We seem to be investing a lot in unproductive assets. Yet, instead of correcting the factors contributing to this, he pursues a strategy of greater FDI inflows. This will only give greater access to foreign and domestic capital to maximise profits, in a situation of global economic slowdown, in our country enriching the rich and impoverishing the poor a strategy that will further shrink domestic demand in our economy and further widen the hiatus between the two Indias. The finance minister, in his latest budget speech has, in fact, said, “If I may be frank, foreign investment is an imperative.”

During the last three years at least, the tax concessions provided to the corporates and the rich amount, according to budget papers, to over Rs 5 lakh crores every year. Despite such `incentives’, the overall growth of industrial production was minus 1.6 per cent in May. If, instead, these legitimate taxes were collected and used for public investments to build our much-needed infrastructure, this would have generated large-scale employment. This, in turn, would increase the purchasing power of the people and vastly enlarge domestic demand. This would lay the basis for a turn around in manufacturing and industrial production and put the economy on a more sustainable and relatively pro-people growth trajectory. This is the alternative.

On this score of economic policy trajectory, there is little difference between the Congress and the BJP. However, with little signs of reversal of our current domestic economic slowdown and with the global economy continuing to falter, the yearning of India Inc. for profit maximization needs a messiah. There is much historical evidence of how the global big business, particularly US corporate giants, had played an important role in the rise of Hitler and fascism in the fallout of the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Indian corporate worlds cries for profit maximization reach a crescendo in periods of intense economic crisis. They seek a `strong’ leader who is `decisive to take actions that can facilitate their interests even at the expense of forsaking democracy, human rights and civil liberties. Thus, given the BJPs commitment to international finance capital led globalisation and its neo-liberal economic reforms, sections of corporate India seem to be hoping that their fortunes will improve under the BJPs current poster boy.

Such illusions entertained by sections of the Indian corporate media notwithstanding, relief for the vast mass of the Indian people through an alternative policy trajectory discussed above cannot be delivered either by the Congress or the BJP. What the country needs is not alternative political leaders. What the country needs is alternative pro-people policies. It is such an alternative that will have to be brought about through the intensification of popular peoples struggles in the coming months.
(August 21, 2013)

http://pd.cpim.org/2013/0825_pd/008252013_edit.html

কিছু মিস করছি না তো? একটা অদ্ভুত আঁধার? যে অন্ধকারে চাপা পড়ে রয়েছে অপরাধের বীজ? লিখছেন সঞ্চারী মুখোপাধ্যায়

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - সম্পাদকীয়


ভারতীয় অর্থনীতির স্বাস্থ্যভঙ্গ লইয়া সম্মিলিত হাহাকার অতি তারসপ্তকে চড়িয়াছে। অর্থনীতির স্বাস্থ্য ঠিক নাই, তাহা সন্দেহাতীত। কিন্তু অসুস্থতা যেখানে, আর যাহা লইয়া হাহাকার চলিতেছে, দুইটি বিষয় অভিন্ন নহে। হাহাকারের প্রধান কারণ দুইটি: টাকার দাম প্রবল বেগে পড়িতেছে; শেয়ার বাজার নিম্নমুখী। অনেক দেশেই মুদ্রার পতন হইতেছে, কিন্তু ভারতীয় টাকা সেই দৌড়ে প্রথম স্থান অধিকার করিয়াছে।

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - সম্পাদকীয়


চলতি আর্থিক বছরে এখনও পর্যন্ত হুগলিতে মহাত্মা গাঁধী জাতীয় গ্রামীণ কর্মনিশ্চয়তা প্রকল্পে (১০০ দিনের কাজ) আশানুরূপ কাজ হয়নি। এ জন্য সম্প্রতি জেলাশাসকের কাছে ব্যাখ্যা তলব করেছেন রাজ্যের পঞ্চায়েত ও গ্রামোন্নয়ন দফতরের সচিব সৌরভ দাস। পঞ্চায়েত ভোটকেই এর কারণ হিসেবে জানিয়ে গত শুক্রবার জেলাশাসক মনমীত নন্দা নতুন কাজের পরিকল্পনার খতিয়ান পাঠান সৌরভবাবুকে।

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - দক্ষিণবঙ্গ


গোষ্ঠীদ্বন্দ্বের জেরে সদ্য নির্বাচিত বাসন্তী গ্রাম পঞ্চায়েতের প্রধানের পদ থেকে ইস্তফা দিলেন তৃণমূলের শ্রীদাম মণ্ডল। বাসন্তীর বিডিওর কাছে তিনি তাঁর পদত্যাগপত্র পাঠিয়েও দিয়েছেন। বিডিও সৌম্য চট্টোপাধ্যায় বলেন, “ওই পঞ্চায়েতের প্রধান ও উপপ্রধান দু’জনেই ইস্তফা দিয়েছেন। তা গৃহীত হয়েছে। শীঘ্রই প্রধান ও উপপ্রধান নির্বাচনের দিন ঠিক করা হবে।”

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - দক্ষিণবঙ্গ


গোষ্ঠীদ্বন্দ্বের জেরে সদ্য নির্বাচিত বাসন্তী গ্রাম পঞ্চায়েতের প্রধানের পদ থেকে ইস্তফা দিলেন তৃণমূলের শ্রীদাম মণ্ডল। বাসন্তীর বিডিওর কাছে তিনি তাঁর পদত্যাগপত্র পাঠিয়েও দিয়েছেন। বিডিও সৌম্য চট্টোপাধ্যায় বলেন, “ওই পঞ্চায়েতের প্রধান ও উপপ্রধান দু’জনেই ইস্তফা দিয়েছেন। তা গৃহীত হয়েছে। শীঘ্রই প্রধান ও উপপ্রধান নির্বাচনের দিন ঠিক করা হবে।”

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - দক্ষিণবঙ্গ


তৃণমূল কর্মী খুনের মামলায় ধৃত দক্ষিণ ২৪ পরগনার সিপিএম নেতা সাত্তার মোল্লার সঙ্গে জেলে দেখা করতে গিয়ে শাসক দলকে হুঁশিয়ারি দিয়ে এলেন বিধায়ক আব্দুর রেজ্জাক মোল্লা। বললেন, দিন বদলালে তৃণমূলের লোকজনকেও জেলে ঢুকতে হবে!

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - দক্ষিণবঙ্গ


ফের গণ্ডগোল মেঘনাদ সাহা কলেজে গত মঙ্গলবার নকল রুখতে গিয়ে বহিরাগতদের কাছে আক্রান্ত হয়েছিলেন ইটাহারের ডঃ মেঘনাদ সাহা কলেজের অধ্যাপক, অধ্যাপিকা ও অধ্যক্ষা। কলেজের মধ্যে ঢুকে ব্যাপক ভাঙচুরও চালানো হয়েছিল। তার পরই কলেজের অধ্যাপক-অধ্যাপিকারা সিদ্ধান্ত নেন উপযুক্ত নিরাপত্তার ব্যবস্থা না থাকলে তাঁরা পরীক্ষায় পরিদর্শকের ভূমিকায় থাকবেন না। তবে আজ সকালে ছাত্র-ছাত্রীদের কথা ভেবে তাঁরা পরীক্ষা নিতে সম্মত হন। পরীক্ষা ১১টার বদলে শুরু হয় ৩০ মিনিট দেরিতে। তবে গৌড়বঙ্গ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের নিয়ামক দল না আসা পর্যন্ত কোনও অধ্যাপক পরীক্ষার হলে ঢোকেননি। কিছু ক্ষণ পর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের কনট্রোলার সনাতন দাসের নেতৃত্বে ৪ সদস্যের একটি দল কলেজ পরিদর্শনে আসেন। পরীক্ষার হলে ঢুকে তাঁরা নকল করার অভিযোগে ৬ ছাত্রছাত্রীর খাতা বাতিল করেন। কয়েক জন ছাত্রছাত্রীর সঙ্গে পরিদর্শক দলের সামান্য বচসাও বাধে। তবে পরিস্থিতি নিয়ন্ত্রণেই ছিল। এর আগেও ৩২ ছাত্রছাত্রীর খাতা একই অভিযোগে বাতিল করা হয়। এর পর অধ্যক্ষার ঘরে গিয়ে একটি বৈঠক করেন পরিদর্শক দল।

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - আজকের শিরোনাম


আরও ডুবে টাকা সত্তর ছুঁইছুঁই আস্থা হারিয়েছে বিশ্ব, বুঝতে দেরি করছে সরকার: রতন টাটা

বুধবার কল্যাণী এক্সপ্রেসওয়েতে বিতান ভট্টাচার্যের তোলা ছবি। Courtesy: Anandabazar Patrika

আরও ডুবে টাকা সত্তর ছুঁইছুঁই: আস্থা হারিয়েছে বিশ্ব, বুঝতে দেরি করছে সরকার - রতন টাটা

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - ব্যবসা


আরও ডুবে টাকা সত্তর ছুঁইছুঁই: আস্থা হারিয়েছে বিশ্ব, বুঝতে দেরি করছে সরকার - রতন টাটা

আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা - ব্যবসা


West Bengal: Man develops a grudge, throws acid on woman - Oneindia News

West Bengal: Man develops a grudge, throws acid on woman - Oneindia News


JALPAIGURI: A tribal girl was allegedly gang-raped by three bike-borne miscreants in Jalpaiguri's Banerhat and dumped near a forest on Tuesday night. Though the victim is alive and undergoing treatment at a medical college and hospital, she has reportedly lost her voice failing to take the shock of the torture on her. Police have detained one person for interrogation. - The Times of India

Tribal girl gang-raped, loses voice - The Times of India


Dabholkar murder: Pune police quizzes Sanatan Sanstha worker

Dabholkar murder: Pune police quizzes Sanatan Sanstha worker


Land acquisition bill tabled in Lok Sabha - Hindustan Times

Land acquisition bill tabled in Lok Sabha - Hindustan Times


OBITUARY TO COMRADE SAMAR MUKHERJEE

TEA PLANTATION GIRL RAPED AT BANARHAT

KANKINARA: TMC INFIGHTING

CHOPRA: TMC TERROR

SATTAR MOLLAH

HAJ PILGRIMAGE

MAMATA-SONIA SAME IN RESPECT OF ECONOMIC POLICIES

FORCIBLE OCCUPATION OF PLAY GROUND BY PROMOTORS IN KOLKATA